British politics and culture since 1945

The loan from the United States that was supposed to last four years was nearly gone. Moreover, the economy was in disarray. Attlee himself was in poor health, and Ernest Bevinformerly the most politically powerful man in the cabinet, had died. He resigned on 18 October after he had been admitted to hospital for prostate trouble.

Eisenhower was useful, and the two had a pleasant conference in Bermuda as early as March Eden resigned in Januarypartly because of ill health but chiefly because of his failed attempt to roll back the retreat from empire by a reoccupation of the Suez Canal Zone after the nationalization of the canal by the Egyptian president, Gamal Abdel Nasserin the summer of The same circumstances that dictated the withdrawal from India required, at almost the same time, the termination of the mandate in Trans-Jordanthe evacuation of all of Egypt except the Suez Canal territory, and in the withdrawal from Palestinewhich coincided with the proclamation of the State of Israel.

Labour, nonetheless, set about enacting the measures that in some cases had been its program since the beginning of the century.

Political history of the United Kingdom (1945–present)

However, neither Wilson nor James Callaghanwho succeeded him on April 5,was able to come to terms with the labour unions, which were as willing to embarrass a Labour government as a Conservative one.

His prescription for improvement included not only a widely heralded economic development plan, to be pursued with the introduction of the most modern technology, but also stern and unpopular controls on imports, the devaluation of the pound, wage restraint, and an attempt, in the event these measures proved unsuccessful, to reduce the power of the trade unions.

The election of a Labour government at the end of World War II coincided with the rise of sectarian strife within India. Eventually the Wilson government became unpopular and was kept in power primarily by weakness and division in the Conservative Party. However, in the Middle East Macmillan ensured Britain remained a force — intervening over Iraq in 14 July Revolution and and becoming involved in Oman.

Any country in the Eastern or Western bloc was entitled to take part. Enoch Powell was given the post of Shadow Defence Secretary and became a figure of national prominence when he made the controversial Rivers of Blood speech inwarning on the dangers of mass immigration from Commonwealth nations.

Ghana and Malaya were granted independence inNigeria in and Kenya in Macmillan remained in office until Octoberwhen he too retired because of ill health, to be succeeded by Sir Alec Douglas-Homethen foreign secretary. Although it was cut short in Decemberwhen UN emergency units supplanted British and French troops, the Suez intervention divided British politics as few foreign issues have done since.

On March 28,Callaghan was forced from office after losing a vote of confidence in the House of Commons by a single vote —the first such dismissal of a prime minister since MacDonald in Macmillan took close control of foreign policy.

He won and is the only prime minister to resign the Lords to enter the Commons. In addition, road transport, docks and harbours, and the production of electrical power were nationalized. Gaitskell and prominent Conservative R.

Although the Soviet Union immediately denounced the Marshall Plan as the beginning of a division between the East and the West, all western European countries, including Britain, hastened to participate.

Eden was succeeded by his chancellor of the ExchequerHarold Macmillan. Withdrawal from the empire Britain, not entirely by coincidence, was also beginning its withdrawal from the empire.

The new prime ministerEdward Heathset three goals: Imports were cut to the bone. Heath used the strongest weapon available to a prime minister—a general election, on February 28, —to settle the issue of who governed Britain.

Trumanas he was required to do by law, ended lend-leaseupon which Britain had depended for its necessities as well as its arms.

British Politics since 1945

His understanding of economics was primitive, and he gave his chancellor Reginald Maudling free rein to handle financial affairs.

Eisenhower had warned Eden not to do it, saying the American people would never approve of a military solution to the crisis. It had been owned and controlled by Britain since and was seen as essential to national defence and access to the Far East.

There was little debate. The act pleased no one, neither the Indians, the Labour Party, which considered it a weak compromise, nor a substantial section of the Conservative Party headed by Churchill, which thought it went too far. The election, held when factories were in operation only three days a week and civilian Britain was periodically reduced to candlelight, was a repudiation of the policy of confrontation with labour.

Bevan emerged at this time as an important figure on the Labour left and would remain its leader until his death in In terms of the Empire, Macmillan continued decolonisationhis Wind of Change speech in February indicating his policy. He enjoyed dealing with foreign policy, but there were no major crises or issues to resolve.British Politics since offers a comprehensive overview of postwar British politics ideal for introductory students and general readers alike.

The book balances a narrative of the major events and personalities of the postwar political scene with a critical assessment of the recurrent issues and concerns of political debate.

Pre-sessional courses

British Culture and Politics since Course Description This programme is taught over a two-week period before the start of the semester and provides an introduction to major themes and events that have shaped social, cultural and political development of the UK since the end of World War Two using British literature films, music and popular.

dramatically since It is the principal objective of this research to understand in what way the articulation of culture, in British governmental politics, has. "Consensus politics" is the notion that forapproximately a quarter of a century after there existed abroad measure of agreement between the major political partiesabout the role and objectives of government and the fundamentalbases of policy, domestic and foreign.

Britain since Labour and the welfare state (–51) Labour rejoiced at its political triumph, the first independent parliamentary majority in the party’s history, but it faced grave problems. British politics since the dynamics of historical change / Bibliographic Details; Other Authors: James, The Rise and Fall of Party Government in Britain and the United States, the Americanisation of British Politics?

/ Samuel H.

Beer ; 3. From Character to Culture: Authority, Deference and the Political Imagination since.

British politics and culture since 1945
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